Three philosophers proposed different yet congruent theories on child development and all of these theories have been subjects of scrutiny and interest. Jean Piaget, Bruner and Vygotsky have all been influential in shaping the course of child development studies and curriculum.
Let s look at how they inspired the French curriculum with their theories.
Jean Piaget came out with his views on cognitive development and the stages involved. This had not been thought of before and helped educators develop curriculum keeping the stages in mind.
On the other hand, both Vygotsky and Bruner believed that a child can acquire knowledge through the process of exploration.
A child should be allowed the freedom to express curiosity, feel and manipulate space, objects to learn concepts. Bruner in particular stated the learning best takes place when objects, either in the physical form or in visual form are introduced to children.
One critical difference between the theories of Bruner and Piaget was that the fourth stage in Piaget’s theory terminated at the end of the childhood while all three stages as per Bruner continues through the life of the individual and well into adulthood as well.
All the three of them however agreed that a child is influenced by the environment, culture and socio-economic status.
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